Includes bibliographical references (p. 35-36).
|Series||Economics Division working papers,, 93/6|
|LC Classifications||HC441.A1 E284 no. 93/6|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||36 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||36|
|LC Control Number||96168530|
The additional financing aims to increase the number of under-served rural and peri-urban populations accessing sustainable water supply and sanitation services. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID (coronavirus). Solar pumping for rural water supply: life-cycle costs from eight countries 40th WEDC International Conference Although interest in solar water pumping has been steadily growing, misconceptions persist about the applicability and cost-effectiveness of such systems in . Despite the moderate gains in water supply and sanitation as a whole, a closer look at the urban and rural disaggrega - tion of access rates reveals wide disparities. For water sup - ply, most access gains were achieved in rural areas, where 58% of the rural population had access to improved facili-ties in , compared to only 32% in Table Annual time gain due to more convenient water supply and sanitation Table Annual value of time savings Table Value of avoided deaths per capita (based on predicted future earnings) Table Total economic benefits of interventions Table Cost-benefit ratios – all costs and all benefits included.
The UNDP-World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (the Program) has been working to improve poor people’s access to rural water supply (RWS) for over 15 years. The Program benefits from a strong field presence in more than 30 countries and operates through its five Regional Water and Sanitation Groups. In this report the authors argue that there is a need for both improved procedures and better practice in the estimation of the economic benefits of water supply projects. The authors discuss the concept of "economic benefits" in the water supply sector, and then present several approaches that can be used to estimate the economic benefits to households of potable water supply. Water supply and sanitation in Indonesia is characterized by poor levels of access and service quality. Over 40 million people lack access to an improved water source and more than million of the country's million population has no access to improved sanitation. Only about 2% of people have access to sewerage in urban areas; this is one of the lowest in the world . help them realise the health benefits of water supply and sanitation improvements. Hygiene promotion and education is a key component of the effort to achieve these health benefits. To achieve sustainable water supply and sanitation development requires effective complementary inputs such as community participation, community capacity-.
2 i rural water supply and sanitation handbook for extension workers volume 2. Table Structure of community involvement in water supply 43 List of Figures Figure Financial allocations to water supply in Nigerian Federal Budget ()10 Figure Rural-urban access to water supply in Nigeria () 26 Figure Source of water frequently used by the respondents Life-Cycle Costs of Rainwater Harvesting Systems: The IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre compares the costs and benefits of rainwater harvesting technologies to other water supply systems. How to Make Ferrocement Tanks: Akvopedia explains how to make ferrocement cisterns that can be used as a septic tank or rainwater catchment. A source of water supply can be identified at any of the above stages of water cycle, provided it can supply in sufficient quantities for most periods of the time in a year. Thus, water supply for rural communities can be organized with use of rainwater, groundwater, and, spring and surface water. 4. Rainwater based Rural Water Supply Systems.